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    CHAPTER XXII.
  --  AT CHARLESTON AND FORT SUMTER.   Table of Contents     CHAPTER XXIV.
  --  THE NATIONAL CALAMITY.

Rollin, Frank [Frances] A.
Life and Public Services of Martin R. Delany

- CHAPTER XXIII. -- ARMÉ;E D'AFRIQUE.

CHAPTER XXIII.
ARMÉ;E D'AFRIQUE.


IMMEDIATELY after the restoration of the flag, active duty was resumed by the military at Charleston, and none more heartily rejoiced at the prospect of beginning his work than did Major Delany. Without loss of time, independent quarters were assigned him, equal to those of other of officers, this being by special orders from the war department; it was also ordered that he should report directly to. Brevet Major General Saxton, and detailed subordinates were placed at his command.

The residence assigned him was elegant and commodious; but being an intolerable sight to the owner, a plea of loyalty was soon raised, which induced its relinquishment, and quarters equally as comfortable were secured at the south-east corner of Calhoun and St. Philip Streets. Here were to be seen daily, in beautiful contrast to bayonets and the circumstance of war, and in graceful profusion, at Major Delany's office, the choicest bouquets and other personal compliments of like delicacy indicative of the high respect in which he was held.

Before his arrival, the 102d United States Colored Troops had been completed, and the 103d had just been

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commenced, of which regiment, according to the spirit of the order of the war department, he was entitled to the major's command; but by request of his general he waived his right to an officer to whom the position had been promised previous to his arrival, though he had aided in its organization, and soon began to recruit his own.

As a field officer at the head of such a service, it is evident that as many of lower grade as the duties of his command required and needed, could be secured, agreeable to regulations. In order to avoid innovations and clashings, he chose instead a few non-commissioned officers from the 54th and 55th Massachusetts Volunteers, for whom he made requisition. Sergeant Frederick Johnson, of the 54th, an excellent penman and clerk, was placed in charge of the books, while Sergeant Major Abraham Shadd, from the 55th Massachusetts Volunteers, a gentleman of fine attainments, besides excellent, military capability, was appointed acting captain to command recruits, and his own son, private Toussaint L. Delany, of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteers, as acting lieutenant, to act in conjunction with acting Captain Shadd.

Lieutenant Colonel R. P. Hutchins, of the 94th Ohio Volunteers, had been detailed as assistant superintendent of the recruiting and organizing of colored troops to General Saxton. Of him Major Delany says, "I found Lieutenant Colonel Hutchins an accomplished young gentleman, well adapted to his position, with a staff of fine young officers, among whom was Captain Spencer, of Sherman's army. The 104th was now rapidly increasing, and would soon require its complement

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of officers. The following order was then necessary to its accomplishment.

HeadQuarters, Superintendent Recruitment
And Organization Colored Troops,
Department of the South,
Beaufort, S.C., April 11, 1865.

Special Orders. No. 13

II. In accordance with instructions received from the war department, the following appointment is made in the 104th United States Colored Troops; Major M.R. Delany, United States Colored Troops, to be major, and to report to Colonel Douglas Frazar, commanding regiment.

By Order of Brevet Major General R. Saxton

Gen. Supt. Rec. & O.C.T., D.S.

Stuart M. Taylor , Asst. Adjt. Gen.

Major M.R. Delany , U.S.C.T.

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    CHAPTER XXII.
  --  AT CHARLESTON AND FORT SUMTER.   Table of Contents     CHAPTER XXIV.
  --  THE NATIONAL CALAMITY.