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    CHAPTER XIII.   Table of Contents     CHAPTER XV.

Brown, Josephine
Biography of an American Bondman



"The weakest and the poorest may
This simple pittance give,
And bid delight to withered hearts
Return again and live."

Wm. Wells Brown early became a reader of the Liberator. Emancipator, Human Rights, and other papers, published during the first stages of the Anti-Slavery discussion, and consequently took great interest in the movement intended to abolish the cruel system under which his own relations, in common with others that were near and dear to him, were held. As one of the pioneers in the Temperance cause, among the colored people in Buffalo, he did good service. He regarded temperance and education as the means best calculated to elevate the free people of color, and to place them in a position where they could give a practical refutation to the common belief, that the negro cannot attain to the high stand of the Anglo-Saxon. But Buffalo being a place through which many fugitives passed while on their way to Canada, Mr. Brown spent much time in assisting those who sought his aid. His house might literally have been called the "fugitive's house." As Niagara Falls were only twenty miles from Buffalo, slaveholders not unfrequently passed through the latter place attended by one or more slave servants. Mr. Brown was always on

the look-out for such, to inform them that they were free by the laws of New York, and to give them necessary aid. The case of every colored servant who was seen accompanying a white person was strictly inquired into.

Mr. Brown's residence also became the home of Anti-Slavery agents, and lecturers on all reformatory movements. After investigating every phase of Anti-Slavery, he became satisfied that the course pursued by Wm. Lloyd Garrison and his followers was the best calculated to free the slave from his chains, and he has ever since been an advocate of the doctrines put forth by the great pioneer of the Abolition cause.


    CHAPTER XIII.   Table of Contents     CHAPTER XV.