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   NEW YORK     Table of Contents    HIGH BRIDGE, CROTON AQUEDUCT.

The River Hudson. (1859)


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The Mercantile Library.-- One of the finest and most useful institutions in New York, is the library and reading room of the Mercantile Library Association, situated at Clinton Hall. Astor Place, a little way out of Broadway (west end). The reading room is a magnificent apartment, equal to the reading rooms of the clubs in London and elsewhere. It is attended by a young lady waitress. There is a branch office in the city, for the convenience of parties residing in Brooklyn and places adjacent--where orders for books are received and delivered. From a report we quote:--

"The Library now contains 30,000 volumes, is rich in every popular and scientific department, and is catalogued to the end of the year 1856. Nearly 75,000 volumes were delivered to members in 1856. More than 20,000 of these were distributed through the branch office, at No. 16 Nassau street. The reading rooms are the most extensive in the United States, and contain nearly 800 magazines and newspapers selected from all parts of the world, full files of all the principal newspapers from their commencement, and a large number of books of reference. There are, beside, classes in various branches, and lectures in the winter, all for $2 a year."

Its members number upwards of 4,500. In the vicinity is situated the well-known

Astor Library-- named after Mr. Jacob Astor, one of the most successful and wealthy merchants of New York, who has bequeathed this splendid legacy as a free library, for the use of the citizens of the city, where he amassed a large fortune, although he entered the city--as it is said--a poor boy.

We find from a recent report of the librarian, that the fund invested for carrying on the institution yields about $13,000 a year, of which $7,000 goes for expenses, leaving $6,000 for books. More than 20,000 volumes have been added since 1854, including some exceedingly rare and valuable books.

During the day, it is frequented by many whose time and opportunities permit visiting it. As a free library, however, we confess we felt disappointed at finding that it is shut one hour after sunset--the only time when so many citizens have it in their power to frequent such an institution, and, of course, to thousands it must prove of no use whatever.

It is most comfortably, and even gorgeously fitted up, and for all who can attend during the day, it must prove a great boon.

Post-Office, Nassau Street, between Cedar and Liberty Streets.-- The whole business correspondence of this immense city, and through which passes the entire foreign correspondence of the United States and Canada--is conducted in this miserable shanty-looking building, which appears to us to be a disgrace to a country village--far less a city like New York. It has been, successively, a Dutch church, a riding-school, a prison, and an hospital. It is worthy of a visit, if only to see such a glaring instance of neglect, connected with so important a matter as a proper establishment fit for conducting the postal business of this great city, and which ought to be an honour to the city instead of one of its monuments of neglect, or stupidity--we know not which.

The New Arsenal.-- Noticed elsewhere.

High Bridge.-- Harlem, 1400 feet long (see engraving).

Castle Garden Emigration Depot.-- At the Battery, east end of Broadway. (See notice of it elsewhere.)

Naval Dry Dock.-- Navy Yard, Brooklyn, said to be the largest in the world--built in ten years, at a cost of $2,150,000. Docks the largest ship in 4 hours 20 m.

Amongst the finest churches in the city, we may mention--

All Soul's Church.-- 4th Avenue--Unitarian. (See engraving and notice elsewhere.)

Trinity Church.-- Broadway, fronting Wall Street--Episcopal. The nearest approach to a cathedral in New York, about 200 feet long by so wide, in the florid Gothic style, with a very beautiful tower and spire, 234 feet high, containing a visitor's "view-point" of 250 feet in height. (See engraving.)

St. Paul's Chapel.-- Broadway, between Fulton and Vesey streets--Episcopal.

Grace Church.-- Broadway, above Tenth St.--Episcopal.

St. Patrick's Cathedral.-- Corner of Prince and Mott--Roman Catholic. 156 feet by 80, accommodating 2000 persons--Byzantine style.

Fourth Universalist Church-- Broadway, above Spring, Remarkable for the exquisite Gothic tracery of its carved wood-work, especially on the pulpit and canopy.

The Great Synagogue.-- Greene street, near Houston--Hebrew.


New York Hospital.-- Broadway. (See engraving.)

Blind Asylum.-- 9th avenue, near 33d street. A massive Gothic structure, covering one entire block. About 100 pupils are educated and taught appropriate trades.

Deaf and Dumb Institution.-- 4th avenue and 50th street, on Washington Heights, covering 37 acres. About 250 mutes educated and taught trades.

Orphan Asylum.-- Bloomingdale, near 80th st. 200 inmates.


New York University.-- Washington Sq. A noble marble building, with a beautiful chapel--mediŠval Gothic. (See engraving.)

Columbia College.-- Park Place, near Broadway. A president, 10 professors, and 150 students.

Free Academy.-- Corner Lexington avenue and 23d street. (See engraving.)

Union Theological Seminary.-- University Place, near Washington Square. Six professors--100 students.

Bible House.-- An immense building, occupying one entire triangular block, near the junction of 3d and 4th avenues, with a frontage of 700 feet.

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General Theological Seminary.-- 20th st., corner 8th avenue--Episcopal.

University Medical School.-- 14th street, near 3d avenue. Extensive and well-arranged apparatus.

College of Physicians and Surgeons.-- 4th avenue, corner 23d street--Medical Museum.

New York Medical College.-- East 13th street. Five months' course. Pathological Museum, and Laboratory for the practical study of Analytical Chemistry.


American Institute.-- 349 Broadway. For the general advancement and application of science. Admission free. Holds an Annual Fair at Crystal Palace, and a Cattle Show.

Mechanics' Institute.-- 20 4th avenue. Gives popular scientific lectures. Mechanical Museum and reading-room--schools attached.

Cooper "Union."-- Astor Place, opposite Bible House. Built by Peter Cooper, Esq. Free lectures, library, observatory, debating rooms, and literary employment office. (See engraving.)

New York Society Library.-- University Place, near 12th street--36,000 volumes--visitors admitted.

Lyceum of Natural History.-- 14th street, near 4th avenue. Appropriate library and cabinet.

New York Law Institute.-- City Hall. Very complete collection of 4500 volumes.

New York Historical Society.-- University Building--20,000 volumes, cabinet of coins, etc.

Apprentices' Library.-- Mechanics' Hall, Broadway, near Grand street--10,000 volumes.


National Academy of Design.-- 58 East 13th street. Spring exhibition of the works of living artists only. Much resorted to.

Dusseldorf Gallery.-- 548 Broadway, Good collection of the Flemish and German schools.

Bryan Gallery.-- Corner Broadway and 13th street. Some fair originals and excellent copies.


City Hall and Park.-- (See engraving.)

Custom House.-- Corner Wall and Nassau. An exquisitely pure Doric building of white marble, modelled from the Parthenon. (See engraving.) Admission free.

Merchants' Exchange.-- Wall street. Elegant Ionic exterior. (See engraving.)

Halls of Justice.-- Centre Street--popularly known as the "Tombs." (See engraving.)


Hudson River Railroad.-- Depots: corner Warren street and College Place; Canal street, near Washington; West street, near Christopher; Thirty-First street, between Tenth and Eleventh avenues.

The time is marked for Thirty-First street depot--difference from others, 25 to 30 minutes.

Long Island Railroad.-- Depot: foot of Atlantic street, Brooklyn.

New Jersey Railroad.-- Depot: foot of Courtlandt street.

New York and Erie Railroad.-- Depot: West street, foot of Duane street.

New Jersey Central and Steamboat Line.-- Office--69 Wall street.


Post-Office, (Nassau street.)--Proceed to 146 Broadway, and east through Liberty street.

Custom House, (Nassau, corner Wall street.)--Proceed to 86 Broadway, and east in Wall street. (See engraving.)

Assay Office, (Wall street.)--Proceed as above for Custom House.

Merchants' Exchange, (Wall, corner William street.)--Proceed as above. (See engraving.)

City Hall, (in the Park.)--Proceed in Broadway to 260, and east in the Park. (See engraving.)

Board of Education Rooms (Grand, corner Elm street).--Proceed to 458 Broadway, and east in Grand street.

Free Academy. (23d street and Lexington avenue.)--Take a 3d or 4th avenue car to 23d street. The Academy is located between those avenues. [See engraving.]


Fulton, (South and Fulton streets.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 208, and east in Fulton street to the river.

Catharine, (South and Catharine streets.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 222, and east in Park Row, Chatham street, and East Broadway to No. 15, and southeast in Catharine street to the river.

Washington, (Fulton and West streets.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 207, and west in Fulton street to the river.

Centre, (Grand and Centre streets.)--Proceed to No. 458 Broadway, and east in Grand street to No. 162.

Essex, (Grand and Essex streets.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 458, and east in Grand street to No. 334.

Tompkins, (Bowery and 6th street.)--Proceed to 698 Broadway, east in 4th street to No. 394, and north in Bowery to No. 395.

Jefferson, (6th and Greenwich avenues.)--Proceed to No. 769 Broadway, and west in 9th street to No. 1.

Spring Street. (West and Spring streets.)--Proceed to 527 Broadway, and west in Spring street to the river.

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Houston Street, (Pitt and Houston streets.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 608, and east in Houston street to 174.


Battery, (Foot of Broadway,)--Proceed to No. 1 Broadway, and cross Battery Place.

Park, (corner Chambers street and Broadway.)--Proceed to 271 Broadway.

Washington, (Forth and Wooster streets.)--Proceed to 623 Broadway, and west to Wooster street.

Union, (14th street.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 862.

Madison, (23d street.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 948.

Tompkins, (Avenue A.)--Proceed in Broadway to No. 754, and east in Eighth street.

Central, (59th street.)--Proceed in Broadway to its junction with 8th avenue--or take a 2d, 3d, or 4th avenue car to 86th street, and proceed west.


To High Bridge, via Bloomingdale.--Proceed north in Broadway, through Bloomingdale road, into the Ninth avenue.

To High Bridge, via McComb's Dam.--Proceed north in Broadway to No. 948, and north in Fifth avenue to Harlem River; after crossing the river, proceed west.

To Fort Washington.-- Proceed north in Broadway, through Bloomingdale, Manhattanville and Carmansville, along the King's Bridge road to 175th street, and west to the river.

To Jamaica, via Cypress Hills' Cemetery,--Proceed to No. 458 Broadway, east in Grand street to the river, cross Division avenue ferry; pass through South 7th and South 6th streets and Broadway, east into Johnson street, which leads to the plank road.

To Flushing, via Green Point and Newtown.--Proceed in Broadway to No. 784, and east in Tenth street to the river; cross the ferry, and proceed east along the plank road.

To Paterson, via Hoboken,--Proceed to either No. 227, 417, or 769 Broadway, and west through Barclay, Canal, or Ninth and Christopher streets to the river, and cross the ferry--taking the plank road to the west.


High Bridge, (over Harlem River.)--Drive out Broadway and Bloomingdale road, and into the 9th avenue beyond Bloomingdale--or take a car to Harlem, from 4th avenue and 27th street, and then take stages west from Harlem. (See engraving.)

Distributing Reservoir, (5th avenue and 42d street.)--Take a Broadway and 42d street, or a 5th avenue stage, or a 6th avenue car from Broadway and Vesey or Canal street, to 42d street.

Receiving Reservoir, (86th street.)--Take a 2d, 3d or 4th avenue car to 86th street, and proceed west.

Greenwood Cemetery, (South Brooklyn.)--Proceed to 208 Broadway, and east in Fulton street to the East River; cross the ferry, and take the Court street cars, which go to the Cemetery gate.

Hoboken and Elysian Fields.-- Proceed to either 227, 417, or 769 Broadway, and west through Barclay, Canal, or Ninth and Christopher streets to the river, and cross the ferry.


For Philadelphia, via New Jersey Railroad Depot at Jersey City,--Proceed to 171 Broadway, thence to the foot of Courtlandt street, and cross the ferry.

For Philadelphia, via Camden and Amboy Railroad.--From Pier No. 1 North River. Proceed to No. 1 Broadway, and west in Battery Place to the river.

For Boston, via Stonington and Providence.--From Pier No. 2 North River. Proceed to No. 1 Broadway, and west through Battery Place to the river.

For Boston, via Fall River and Newport.--From Pier No. 8 North River. Proceed to No. 1 Broadway, and west through Battery Place to the river.

For Boston, via Norwich and Worcester.--From foot of Courtlandt street. Proceed to No. 171 Broadway, and thence through Courtlandt street to the river.

For Boston, via New Haven Railroad--Depot 27th street and 4th avenue. Take a 4th avenue car, which starts from the Astor House, or a Broadway and 4th avenue stage, north to 27th street.

For Albany, via Hudson River Railroad.--Depot, Warren street and College Place. Proceed to 260 Broadway, and west in Warren street to College Place.

For Albany, via Harlem Railroad.--Depot 27th street, corner 4th avenue. Take a 4th avenue car, which starts from the Astor House, or a Broadway and 4th avenue stage, north to 27th street.

For Albany, via People's Line Steamboats.--From foot of Courtlandt street. Proceed in Broadway to No. 171, and west in Courtlandt street to the river.

For Albany, via Merchants' Line Steamboats.--From foot of Robinson street. Proceed to No. 237 Broadway, and through Park Place west to the river.

For Buffalo or Dunkirk, via New York and Erie Railroad.--Depot, foot of Duane street. Proceed in Broadway to No. 303, and west in Duane street to the river.

For New Haven, by steamboat.--From Peck Slip. Proceed to 208 Broadway, and east in Fulton street to the river; thence northeast two blocks.

   NEW YORK     Table of Contents    HIGH BRIDGE, CROTON AQUEDUCT.