The Mapleson Cylinders - Program Notes
Act I: Hammer Song excerpt: "[sein rothes Rieseln] röthete dich" ... "als Niblungenfürst fahr'ich [darnieder]"
Georg Anthes (t), Siegfried (?)
Albert Reiss (t), Mime (?)
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra--Alfred Hertz (?)
January 19, 1903 (?)
[A dated container and Glackens 121 both ascribe this cylinder to Jean De Reszke on March 19, 1901, but there are strong internal reasons for questioning that attribution. (1) This cylinder was recorded at a different mandrel speed from the preceding and following ones--not impossible, but unlikely given the proximity of the passages in question. (2) The aural perspective is strikingly different from Bands 1 and 3, and much clearer; Mapleson could hardly have recorded from different locations during the same scene. (3) The singer's voice and technique seem significantly different from De Reszke's in the adjacent bands. (4) The cylinder in Band 3 begins with a repetition of the measures during which Siegfried plunges the sword into the water, present in Band 2; if that brief passage on Band 3 was recorded on March 19, 1901 (i.e., at the same performance as the remainder of the band--and it seems to stretch the possibilities of coincidence that it was recorded on another occasion), then Band 2 cannot come from March 19, 1901 and cannot be Jean De Reszke, for he sang the opera only once during his single "Mapleson season."
The alternative possibilities are as follows:
|3/1/01:||Dippel, Von Hübbenet/Damrosch|
After remolding the molten metal into a new sword, Siegfried uses Mime's hammer to shape it. On this band, Siegfried's "Hammer Song" is abridged in much the same way as was the "Forging Song" in the preceding band, by skipping from the middle of the first stanza to the parallel spot in the second. (The performance on Band 4 is complete.) At the point where Siegfried plunges the sword into the water, Mapleson's recording level drops drastically, but Mime's next speech remains faintly audible (at least if followed with a score). Mapleson had a similar problem at the Tannhäuser performance on January 17, 1903 (see Side 9/Band 3). and the proximity of that date to January 19 might be regarded as favoring our ascription.
[ Band 4 begins→ ]
Hoho! Hoho! Hohei!
Schmiede, mein Hammer,
ein hartes Schwert!
Einst färbte Blut
dein falbes Blau;
sein rothes Rieseln
[ Band 2 begins→ ] röthete dich:
kalt lachtest du da,
das warme lecktest du kuhl!
Heiaho! Haha! Haheiaha!
[ cut in Band 2 begins→ ] Nun hat die Gluth
dich roth geglüht,
deine weiche Härte
dem Hammer weicht:
zornig sprühst du mir Funken
dass ich dich Spröden gezähmt.
Hahei! Hahei! Hahei!
Er schafft sich ein scharfes Schwert,
Fafner zu fällen,
der Zwerge Feind,
ich braut ein Truggetrank,
Siegfried zu fangen,