Guide to the Research Collections

- SECTION -- III -- THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
- PART TWO
- 45 -- ARCHAEOLOGY
- DIVISION HOLDINGS
- Oriental Division

Oriental Division

The resources for ancient Egyptian, Assyrian, and Babylonian archaeology are very extensive, with a particular concentration on publications available before 1941.2 Materials on Egypt include

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works such as the studies conducted during Napoleon's expedition, the researches of Lepsius, and the many publications of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. An item of seminal importance is Jean François Champollion's Lettre à M. Dacier (1822) in which are established the principles for deciphering hieroglyphics; the library has, in addition, examples of the earlier attempts at interpretation by Horapollo and Athanasius Kircher.

Related to the holdings of the Oriental Division is a fine set of Egyptian archaeological maps in the Map Division, along with 624 Sumerian and Babylonian clay and stone inscriptions housed in the Manuscripts and Archives Division.3