Guide to the Research Collections
|SECTION -- III -- THE SOCIAL SCIENCES|
|49 -- HISTORY OF WESTERN EUROPE|
|HISTORY OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY|
The Billings Classification Scheme, under which books on Austria and Hungary were classified until 1955, bears little resemblance to the present political alignment, but the materials located within that scheme retain interest for a study of the old order (materials published after 1955 on the former political units are, of course, still being acquired). The holdings number approximately 5,000 volumes for Austrian history and 3,000 volumes for Hungarian (total holdings in 1941 were 2,500 volumes) with substantial additional materials in the Slavonic Division in Czech, Slovak, Serbo-Croatian, and other languages.
The collections in this area, while adequate, are not as distinctive as those for some of the larger European nations. Materials relating to Austria are stronger than those for Hungary. Such standard works of reference and source works as the Fontes Rerum Austriacarum and the Monumenta Hungariae Historica are present for both countries. Periodicals and society publications are held in extensive and generally complete runs from such early items as the Archiv für Geschichte, Statistik, Literatur und Kunst (1810- 26) to the Austrian History Yearbook (1965-) and its predecessor the Austrian History Newsletter (1960-63). Serial publications provide important writings on general and local history, archaeology, and related subjects.
There are more than 400 entries in the Public Catalog for Bohemia (now part of Czechoslovakia). Included are source works such as the Codex Diplomaticus et Epistolaris Regni Bohemiae (1904-65), collections of maps in the Monumenta Cartographica Bohemiae (1938-), and rarities such as a first edition (1552) of Bishop Jan Dubravius' Historia Regni Boiemiae. Government documents include original statutes in a collection of 188 Artickel des allgemeinen Landtag dated Prague, 1567 to 1823, supplemented by further collections in the Zákonnik Zemský Královstvi [Ccaron]eského (1850-1919), together with other studies both ancient and modern.
Transylvania (now part of Rumania) is represented by some 100 entries in the Public Catalog which cover the full range of its history. Included are early studies such as Ascanio Centorio degli Hortensi's Commentarii della Guerra di Transilvania (1565-70), and compilations such as the Monumenta Comitialia Regni Transylvaniae (1875-97).
Materials for the study of Austria and Hungary during the World Wars are extensive, with important resources located in the special collections. There is a notable collection on the Hungarian uprising of 1956, including microfilms of periodicals of the period such as the Irodalmi Ujság.
The collection of public documents, while uneven, is important. It includes extensive sets of parliamentary proceedings for Austria, Hungary, and various states of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from the latter half of the nineteenth century. Of special interest are the extensive holdings for Czechoslovakia, and the succeeding states which emerged after World War I.
The library currently receives the Stenographische Protokolle (1918/19-) of the Austrian Nationalrat, as well as statistical and other publications in substantial runs with gaps for the war years. From Hungary come the Budapesti Közlöny (1906-46, incomplete) and other publications. Law holdings are also extensive. Contemporary materials are supplemented by compilations, codes, and such materials, for earlier years.
The holdings of municipal administrative reports are uneven. Those of Austrian cities are generally adequate, with outstanding resources for Vienna and important groups for Budapest and Prague.
In the Hardwicke collection of the Manuscripts and Archives Division are letters (for the most part rough drafts) of Sir Luke Schaub while he was British chargé d'affaires at Vienna during 1715 and 1716.25 Transcripts of documents from the archives at Vienna for the period 1781 to 1783 are in the Bancroft collection.